The oldest known art in Brazil is the cave paintings in Serra da Capivara National Park in the state of Piaui, dating back to c. 13,000 BC. More recent examples have been found in Minas Gerais and Goias, showing geometric patterns and animal forms.
One of the most sophisticated kinds of Pre-Columbian artifact found in Brazil is the sophisticated Marajoara pottery (c. 800-1400 AD), from cultures flourishing on Marajo Island and around the region of Santarem, decorated with painting and complex human and animal reliefs. Statuettes and cult objects, such as the small carved-stone amulets called muiraquitãs, also belong to these cultures. The Mina and Periperi cultures, from Maranhão and Bahia, produced interesting though simpler pottery and statuettes.
In the beginning of the 21st century, the ancient Indian traditions of body painting, pottery, cult statuettes, and feather art are still being cultivated by the remaining Indian peoples.